Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Florence is a city in in Lauderdale County in extreme northwestern Alabama. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 36,264. The seat of Lauderdale County, Florence is the largest city in the metropolitan conurbation known as the Shoals (which also includes Muscle Shoals, Sheffield, and Tuscumbia) and is the economic center of northwestern Alabama.
Florence is the birthplace of W.C. Handy, the "Father of the Blues," as well as pioneering record producer Sam Phillips, discoverer of Elvis Presley. T.S. Stribling , a 20th century author and Florence resident, wrote a prose trilogy about the city consisting of The Forge, The Store (which won the Pulitzer Prize), and Unfinished Cathedral.
Florence is renowned for its yearly Renaissance Faire and for the annual W.C. Handy Music Festival. Florence landmarks include Rosenbaum, the only Frank Lloyd Wright-designed home located in the Southeast.
Florence's municipal government is a mayor-council type.
Florence is located at 34°49'13" North, 87°39'46" West (34.820287, -87.662860).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 64.8 km² (25.0 mi²). 64.6 km² (24.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.40% water. Florence is located on Wilson Lake, a body of water on the North-flowing Tennessee River that is dammed by Wheeler and Wilson Dams, which were built by president Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal's Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), one of several "alphabet agencies".
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 36,264 people, 15,820 households, and 9,555 families residing in the city. The population density is 561.6/km² (1,454.6/mi²). There are 17,707 housing units at an average density of 274.2/km² (710.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 78.39% White, 19.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 15,820 households out of which 25.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% are married couples living together, 14.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% are non-families. 33.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.20 and the average family size is 2.82.
In the city the population is spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 79.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $28,330, and the median income for a family is $40,577. Males have a median income of $34,398 versus $21,385 for females. The per capita income for the city is $19,464. 20.4% of the population and 14.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.9% of those under the age of 18 and 13.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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