Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Fortaleza is the capital of Ceará, a State in the northeastern of Brazil. It is located on the coast and has a population of around 2 million inhabitant. It is the second most important city in the region behind Salvador in Bahia. Fortaleza has an area of 336 square km. North of the city is the Atlantic Ocean, to the south are the cities of Pacatuba , Eusébio , Maracanaú and Itaitinga . To the East it is the county of Aquiraz and the Atlantic Ocean. And to west the city of Caucaia .
Fortaleza's history began when the Dutch constructed the Fort Shoonenborch in 1649. Later, the Portuguese expelled the Dutch and renamed it to Forte de Nossa Senhora da Assunção . Around the fort, which even today is in perfect conservation state, a small village grew into the fifth largest city in Brazil today. In 2004 Luizianne Lins was surprisingly elected as mayor.
A complete infrastructure, three thousand hours of sun per year and the constant ocean breeze gives the full dimension of this paradise. For those who have more energy, the nightlife is full of attractions, with bars, restaurants, and shows. Not even on Mondays Fortaleza cools down. The city is known for having the "wildest Monday nights in the world." The Praia of Iracema (Iracema's beach), one of the first urban nucleuses of the city, holds most of the bars and restaurants. There, the Ponte dos Ingleses (English's Bridge), the old docks, is located and used to watch the sunset and spot dolphins.
Warm waters bathe Fortaleza's urbanized beaches, which offer every comfort to the tourist. The scenery is complemented by the jangadas (small and rustic rafts used by many of Ceará's fishermen). From the jangadas come the sea's fruits, responsible for the best Ceará's cuisine. The Praia do Futuro (Beach of the Future) is the meeting place for the bathers, concentrating a large number of typical beachside restaurants, with carnauba straw used in its construction. The local population calls them "Barracas de Praia." Thursday nights, the beach becomes the biggest sensation in the capital's nightlife, with live music, forró and a lot of crab to eat.
Fortaleza is the home of numerous landmarks and is a popular tourist destination. Landmarks include:
- José de Alencar playhouse
- Mucuripe lighthouse
- Iracema Statue
- Nossa Senhora da Assunção Fort
- Palace of Light
Fortaleza provides visitors and residents with various sport activities. There are several soccer clubs based in Fortaleza such as Fortaleza EC, Ferroviário AC and Ceará SC .
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