Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
In his youth, Hubbard associated with various musicians in Indianapolis, including Wes Montgomery and Montgomery's brothers.
Hubbard's jazz career began in earnest after moving to New York City in 1958. While there, he worked with Ornette Coleman, Eric Dolphy, Slide Hampton, J. J. Johnson, Philly Joe Jones, Quincy Jones, Oliver Nelson , and Sonny Rollins among others. He became famous while playing with Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers.
Hubbard recorded extensively for Blue Note Records in the early 1960's: Eight albums as a bandleader, and twenty-eight as a sideman.  Most of these recordings--as are many Blue Note releases of the era--are regarded as classics.
By 1970, his fiery, melodic improvisation and phenomenal technique established him as perhaps the leading trumpeter of his day, but a series of commercially oriented smooth jazz albums spawned some negative criticism.
Hubbard is again playing regularly and making recordings after a long setback of health problems and a serious lip injury in 1992.
Perhaps his best-known work is the CTI Records California Concert album, with the hit single "Red Clay," recorded live at the Palladium in 1971.
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