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In ancient times, first the Hittites and later the Assyrians controlled the region. It saw much fighting during the Crusades, and the Saladin won a key battle there in 1183. After World War I and Ottoman Empire's disintegration, it was invaded by French forces during the Turkish War of Independence. It was returned to Turkish control after the Treaty of Lausanne was signed, formally ending hostilities between Turkey and the Allies.
Originally known as Antep, the title gazi (meaning veteran in Turkish) was added to the province's and the provincial capital's name in 1921, due to its population's extraordinary courage during Turkish War of Independence.
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