Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Geology of Japan
The islands of Japan are primarily the result of volcanism caused by the subduction of the Philippine Plate and the pacific Plate beneath the continental Eurasian Plate.
Japan is situated in a volcanic zone on the Pacific Ring of Fire. Frequent low intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunamis, occur several times a century. The most recent major quakes include the 2004 Chuetsu Earthquake and the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995. Hot springs are numerous and have been developed as resorts.
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