Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Germiston in the East Rand of Gauteng is South Africa's sixth largest city with 70% of the western world's gold passing through its gold refinery. It has South Africa's biggest railway junction and the busiest civil airport, Rand Airport .
It was established in the early days of the gold rush when two prospectors from the farm of Germiston near Glasgow, John Jack and August Simmer, struck paydirt on the farm of Elandsfontein. Both men made fortunes and the town spung up next to the mine. In 1921 the world's largest gold refinery, the Rand Refinery , was established at Germiston.
Germiston is now part of the Ekuralenhi Metropolitan Municipality, which includes much of the East Rand.
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