Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Gippsland is a large rural region in Victoria, Australia. It begins immediately east of the suburbs of Melbourne and stretches to the New South Wales border. Named after Governor George Gipps, it is best known for its primary production such as mining, power generation and farming as well as its tourist destinations—Phillip Island, Wilsons Promontory, the Gippsland Lakes, Walhalla , the Baw-Baw Plateau, the Strzelecki Ranges and the Gourmet Deli Region. Gippsland has the largest brown coal fields in Australia, extensive old-growth mountain ash forests, and diverse coastal heathlands and wetlands.
The East Gippsland Region covers 2.13 million hectares, or nearly 10 per cent of Victoria, and is home to about 38,000 people. The majority of the population lives in and around the major towns of Bairnsdale, Lakes Entrance, Orbost, Paynesville and Mallacoota.
The region comprises an area from the western watershed of the Mitchell River catchment eastward to the New South Wales border. The major river basins of the Mitchell, Tambo and Nicholson drain into the Gippsland Lakes. Further east, the Snowy River and several smaller stream catchments, including the Thurra, Wingan, Genoa, Bemm and Cann Rivers, enter the Tasman Sea.
More than 1.7 million hectares is public land with 268,000 hectares of this being national parks. The 419,300 hectares of privately-owned land is mainly red gum plains, coastal plains, mountain plateaux and fertile river valleys.
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