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Governor-General of the Union of South Africa
Governor-General's Flag 1910-1931
The Governor General of the Union of South Africa was the representative of the British Crown in South Africa between May 31,1910 and May 31,1961. The Union of South Africa was a Commonwealth Realm in which Queen Elizabeth II was given the title "Queen of South Africa."
Some of the first holders of the post were members of the British Royal Family including Prince Arthur of Connaught, between 1920 and 1923, and the Earl of Athlone, who served between 1923 and 1930, before becoming Governor-General of Canada. As in other Dominions, this would change, with only local (white) South African citizens holding the office.
Governor-General's Flag 1931-1961
note bilingual name on scroll
The Afrikaner-dominated National Party, which came to power in 1948, was avowedly republican, and regarded South Africa's links with the Crown as a relic of British imperialism. Under the National Party, the office of Governor-General was held by retired government ministers, who pointedly did not wear the traditional 'colonial' Windsor uniform composed of a blue military jacket and plumed hat. In 1957, God Save the Queen ceased to have equal status with Die Stem van Suid-Afrika as a national anthem, and the British Union Jack similarly ceased to have equal status with the South African flag.
However, it was not until 1960 that the Prime Minister, Hendrik Verwoerd, held a referendum on the issue. On October 5th 1960, South Africa's whites were asked: 'Do you support a republic for the Union?'. The result was 52 per cent in favour of the change.
Charles Robberts Swart, the last Governor-General, became 'Officer Administering the Government' in April 1961 under a transitional arrangement, before he was sworn in as the first State President of the Republic of South Africa on May 31 of that year.
List of Governors-General
- The Viscount Gladstone (1910-1914)
- The Viscount Buxton (1914-1920)
- HRH Prince Arthur of Connaught (1920-1924)
- The Earl of Athlone (1924-1931)
- The Earl of Clarendon (1931-1937)
- Sir Patrick Duncan (1937-1943)
- Nicolaas Jacobus de Wet (1943-1946)
- Gideon Brand van Zyl (1946-1951)
- Ernest George Jansen (1951-1959)
- Lucas Cornelius Steyn (1959)
- Charles Robberts Swart (1959-1961)
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