Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Granville County, North Carolina
The county was formed in 1746 from Edgecombe County. It was named for John Carteret, 1st Earl Granville, who as heir to one of the eight original Lords Proprietors of the Province of Carolina, claimed one eighth of the land granted in the charter of 1665. The claim was established as consisting of approximately the northern half of North Carolina and this territory came to be known as the Granville District.
In 1752 parts of Granville County, Bladen County, and Johnston County were combined to form Orange County. In 1764 the eastern part of Granville County became Bute County. Finally, in 1881 parts of Granville County, Franklin County, and Warren County were combined to form Vance County.
Law and government
Granville County is a member of the Kerr-Tar Regional Council of Governments.
The county is divided into nine townships: Brassfield, Dutch Creek, Fishing Creek, Oak Hill, Oxford, Salem, Sassafras Fork, Tally Ho, and Walnut Grove.
- Mecklenburg County, Virginia - north
- Vance County, North Carolina - east
- Franklin County, North Carolina - southeast
- Wake County, North Carolina - south
- Durham County, North Carolina - southwest
- Person County, North Carolina - west
- Halifax County, Virginia - north-northwest
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 48,498 people, 16,654 households, and 12,040 families residing in the county. The population density is 35/km² (91/mi²). There are 17,896 housing units at an average density of 13/km² (34/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 60.74% White, 34.94% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.43% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 4.02% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 16,654 households out of which 33.30% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% are married couples living together, 15.00% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% are non-families. 23.90% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.00% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.58 and the average family size is 3.05.
In the county the population is spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 33.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 110.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 111.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $39,965, and the median income for a family is $46,013. Males have a median income of $30,418 versus $24,840 for females. The per capita income for the county is $17,118. 11.70% of the population and 9.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.20% of those under the age of 18 and 14.10% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns
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