Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Green Bay, Wisconsin
Green Bay is the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The city is located at , at the head of the Bay of Green Bay and the mouth of the Fox River, with an altitude of 581 feet. It is 112 miles north of Milwaukee. According to the 2000 census, Green Bay had a population of 102,313 people. The Town of Green Bay is located several miles northeast of the city.
The city of Green Bay is a port on the Bay of Green Bay, an arm of Lake Michigan. Green Bay is home to the National Railroad Museum, the Neville Public Museum with exhibitions of art, history, and science, and to the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay.
The Green Bay Packers professional football team has been based in the city since 1919. The city is by far the smallest city to have a NFL franchise. Green Bay is nicknamed "Titletown" for the number of NFL titles it has won over the years.
A small trading post was established at this location in 1634 by French-Canadian explorer Jean Nicolet. In 1671 a Jesuit Mission was set up here; at the time the settlement was known as La Baye or la Baie des Puants. A fort was added in 1717. The town was incorporated in 1754. The town passed to British control in 1761. As British settlers in the area came to outnumber the French, the name "Green Bay" became the more common name for the town. In 1783 the town became part of the United States of America.
The United States Army built Fort Howard here in 1816. Wisconsin's first newspaper, The Green Bay Intelligencer , was first published here in 1833. In 1850 the town had a population of 1,923. The town was reincorporated as the city of Green Bay in 1854. The railroad arrived in the 1860s.
In the 1950 census the city had a population of 52,735.
GeographyUnited States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 140.7 km² (54.3 mi²). 113.6 km² (43.9 mi²) of it is land and 27.1 km² (10.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 19.24% water.
Green Bay is served by Austin Straubel International Airport.
As of the census of 2000, there are 102,313 people, 41,591 households, and 24,663 families residing in the city. The population density is 900.5/km² (2,332.1/mi²). There are 43,123 housing units at an average density of 379.5/km² (982.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 85.86% White, 1.38% African American, 3.28% Native American, 3.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.72% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 7.13% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 41,591 households out of which 30.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% are married couples living together, 10.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% are non-families. 31.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.40 and the average family size is 3.06.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $38,820, and the median income for a family is $48,678. Males have a median income of $33,246 versus $23,825 for females. The per capita income for the city is $19,269. 10.5% of the population and 7.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The city is noted for having one of the lowest crime rates in the United States for a municipality its size or larger, but in 1994 it was the scene of a highly publicized crime when Johnson W. Greybuffalo, an Ojibwa Indian, murdered a 5-year-old girl, Nancy Thao, while burglarizing her family's apartment. The case attracted nationwide attention not only due to the circumstances of the crime, but the publicity it generated also shed considerable (and from a local perspective, unwanted) light on the conditions of poverty faced by Native Americans in Wisconsin and neighboring states.
Points of interest
- Cofrin Memorial Arboretum
- National Railroad Museum
- Neville Public Museum
- University of Wisconsin, Green Bay
- Green Bay Press Gazette
- Green Bay Area Chamber of Commerce
- Official Green Bay, Wisconsin Website
- University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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