Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Greenville, North Carolina
Greenville, one of the fastest growing cities in the State of North Carolina, is located in Pitt County on the Tar River. American Demographics Magazine projects the city to be ranked among the top 10 places in America for growth rate of both population and employment over the next twenty years. The city is known as the cultural, economical, and educational hub of Eastern North Carolina. The city boasts a vibrant business community and is consistently ranked among the top places nationally to live, work, study and play. In 2004, Greenville was named Sportstown USA for the state of North Carolina by Sports Illustrated and the National Parks & Recreation Association. The city is also known as "Pro Town USA", as it is home for many top professional BMX riders.
As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 60,476, although this did not include all of the college students with temporary residences. In 2004, it was estimated that the city's population was near 70,000. The Greenville Metro Area includes approximately 145,000 residents. It is the county seat of Pitt County and the home of East Carolina University.
Greenville is also the birthplace of the Atlanta Falcons tight end Alge Crumpler, Chic bass player and producer the late Bernard Edwards, Rapper Petey Pablo, and world famous Jazz pianist, composer, teacher and lecturer Billy Taylor.
Greenville is located at 35°36'6" North, 77°22'21" West (35.601613, -77.372366).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 60,476 people, 25,204 households, and 11,997 families residing in the city. The population density is 912.8/km² (2,364.6/mi²). There are 28,145 housing units at an average density of 424.8/km² (1,100.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 61.40% White, 34.14% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 25,204 households out of which 23.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% are married couples living together, 13.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 52.4% are non-families. 35.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.18 and the average family size is 2.91.
In the city the population is spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 28.7% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $28,648, and the median income for a family is $44,491. Males have a median income of $31,847 versus $26,324 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,476. 26.1% of the population and 15.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.1% of those under the age of 18 and 20.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Greenville serves as a regional entertainment hub for all of Eastern North Carolina. The area boasts a vast array of restaurants catering to tastes for down-home favorites to gourmet specialties. Many restaurants within the city have been recognized nationally for everything from their barbecue to their wine selection.
The retail sector has acquired a regional draw bringing shoppers to Greenville from all over Eastern North Carolina. Numerous options offer shoppers variety in price, selection, and style, and range from consignment shops to boutiques, malls to commercial strips, and galleries to showrooms.
Culture permeates on and off the East Carolina University campus. On almost any given evening, East Carolina University offers first-class musical concerts, theatrical and dance productions, travel films, and lectures. Antique stores are scattered throughout the county and offer a number of unique treasures. Also, art galleries abound featuring major art collections, traveling exhibits, and the work of local and regional artists. County-wide festivals round out the calendar celebrating everything from collards to watermelons and offer something for all ages.
Athletics predominate the area and the fans are avid. The city and all of Eastern North Carolina have a great passion for the East Carolina University Pirates. ECU Pirates offer sporting seasons sure to get everyone on their feet cheering. Certainly, Football dominates the ECU athletic scene. However, other notable teams include the ECU Mens and Womens Basketball Teams (http://www.ecupirates.com), the ECU Baseball Team (http://www.ecupirates.com), the ECU Softball Team (http://www.ecupirates.com), ECU Track and Field (http://www.ecupirates.com), the ECU Swimming Teams (http://www.ecupirates.com) and the ECU Golf Teams (http://www.ecupirates.com). Greenville is also home to the Eastern Regional High School Football and Basketball Tournament, NC Senior Games, and hosted the Babe Ruth World Series Girl’s Softball Tournament in the Summer of 2002.
Numerous trendy restaurants and nightclubs offer live entertainment in the evenings on the weekends and Uptown Greenville has a district that includes numerous venue options. Freeboot Friday in the fall and Sunday in the Park offer great opportunities to enjoy friends and family and the seasons. And, area coffee shops provide a chance to chat with an old friend or enjoy a good book. Since the early 1980s, the city's downtown section has been called G-Vegas by locals, and the downtown area is known on the national level for its annual large Halloween street party.
Greenville is centrally situated within Eastern North Carolina. Several major U.S. and state highways converge in the area to provide easy access to the state's interstate highway system. Two of the nation's most extensive and financially healthy railroads intersect in Greenville.
Greenville is close to these destinations:
- 1.5 hours to Atlantic Beach, North Carolina
- 1.5 hours to Cape Hatteras National Seashore
- 1.5 hours to Raleigh, North Carolina
- 2 hours to Wilmington, North Carolina
- 2 hours to Virginia Beach, Virginia
- 2.5 hours to Richmond, Virginia
- 2.5 hours to Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
- 4 hours to Washington, DC
- 4.5 hours to Charlotte, North Carolina
Air service is available through Pitt-Greenville Airport with scheduled flights daily to Charlotte's Douglas International Airport via USAirways.
The City of Greenville operates an efficient mass transit bus system, Greenville Area Rapid Transit or GREAT.
The City of Greenville has one of the largest greenway systems in the south. This netowrk of sidwalks, gravel, and paved trails are used for walking, biking, and jogging. The greenway connects neighborhoods to recreational areas and parks within the city.
The North Carolina Global TransPark (GTP) is located 30 minutes south of Greenville at the Eastern Regional Jetport (Stallings Field) in Kinston. The TransPark is a combination of an air cargo airport as well as a modern transportation, manufacturing, and distribution complex. The runway has been extended to 11,500 feet and a new 50,000 sf+ central cargo building is fully leased. Further construction is expected in the near future.
When completed, the GTP's unique facilities will provide industries with direct access to multimodal transportation alternatives. Intermodal capabilities will enable companies to use all of those alternatives for the most efficient and reliable transportation. The TransPark will also provide on-site education and training facilities to prepare the workforce necessary for the industries and businesses locating in the area.
In May of 1996, the Global TransPark was designated as Foreign Trade Zone 214. The designation means companies can export and import products through the TransPark without many of the usual customs restrictions and tariffs.
The Daily Reflector serves as the main daily newspaper. Other newspapers that serve the city include The Greenville Times, The East Carolinian, Pieces of Eight, and The Minority Voice. The Mixer and Go Family are free monthly magazines that focuses on events in and around Greenville.
Greenville has eight broadcast TV stations:
- NBC: WITN 7
- CBS: WNCT 9
- ABC: WCTI 12
- UPN: WCTI/UPN 48
- PBS: WUNK 25
- WB: WGWB 6
- PAX: WEPX 38
- FOX: WYDO 14
- Official website of Greenville, NC
- Greenville-Pitt County Chamber of Commerce
- Greenville Convention & Visitors Bureau
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