Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Coat of Arms||Map of Germany|
|Population||52 140 (01 Sept 2003)|
|Population Density||1039 per square km|
|Altitude||17 m above sea level|
|Postal Code||17489 (City Centre)|
|City Council|| Markt |
|Lord Mayor||Dr Arthur König (CDU)|
Greifswald (German Greif=griffin, Wald=forest) is a city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. Located at the south end of the Baltic Sea, and the mouth of the Ryck river . Population: about 55,000. Officially Hansestadt Greifswald in German (Hanseatic Leaque City of Greifswald).
The first settlers were Danish Cistercian monks, who founded the Eldena monastery in 1199. Due to the salt trade the monastery grew to a monumental religious centre. The town of Greifswald, close to the monastery, was first time mentioned in 1248. Enjoying a steady rise in population, Greifswald also became one of the earliest members of the Hanseatic League at the end of the 13th century, which helped increase trade and wealth.
During the period of socialist rulership following the Second World War, parts of the historic city have seen little renovation efforts. Since the German reunification of 1989/1990 this has changed substantially.
The largest nuclear powerplant in East Germany was located near the town. It had four reactors which were successively brought online starting in 1974. The plant was promptly shut down after the reunification of Germany, in 1990, due to safety concerns.
Education & science
- see Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald
- The Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik has it second site (after Munich) in Greifswald and is experimenting with a stellarator, Wendelstein 7-X.
- Romanticist painter Caspar David Friedrich
- German author Hans Fallada
- German author Wolfgang Koeppen
- Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald
- Official website of the City of Greifswald
- Pomeranian State Museum Greifswald
- Theater Vorpommern
- Information about Greifswald
- Regional Tourist Board Vorpommern (D) (English, German, Swedish, Polish)
- Ost|See|Land - Tourism site (D) (English, German, Swedish, Polish)
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