Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Grove Street Cemetery
Grove Street Cemetery or Grove Street Burial Ground in New Haven, Connecticut is located in the center of the Yale University campus. It was organized in 1796 as the New Haven Burying Ground and incorporated in October 1797 to replace the already crowded burial ground on the New Haven Green. It was one of the earliest burial grounds to be laid out with plots permanently owned by individual families. Many Yale Presidents and New Haven politicians are buried here.
Initially consisting of 6 acres (24,000 m²), it has subsequently been expanded to nearly 18 acres (73,000 m²). The entrance on Grove Street is a brownstone Egyptian Revival Gateway, designed by Henry Austin, and built in 1845. It reads "The Dead Shall Be Raised". Immediately inside the gate is a Victorian chapel, now used as an office. The perimeter of the cemetery was surrounded by an eight foot (2.4 m) stone wall in 1848-9.
The gravestones from the New Haven Green were moved here for preservation in 1821 and are displayed against the walls of the cemetery.
The Grove Street Cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Secretary of the Interior in 2001.
- James Rowland Angell (1869-1949) -- President of Yale University
- Kanichi Asakawa (1873-1948) -- historian.
- Jehudi Ashmun (1794-1828) -- religious leader, and social reformer, agent of the African Colonization Society.
- Henry Austin (1804-1891) -- architect, designed the gate of the cemetery, Dwight Hall at Yale, and several mansions on Hillhouse Avenue.
- Delia Salter Bacon (1811-1859) -- anti-Strafordian heroine
- Charles Montague Bakewell (1867-1957) -- politician
- Roger Sherman Baldwin (1793-1863) -- Governor of Connecticut
- Simeon Baldwin (1761-1851) -- Mayor of New Haven
- Simeon Eben Baldwin (1840-1927) -- Governor of Connecticut
- Lyman Beecher (1775-1865) -- abolitionist, father of Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Hiram Bingham (1789-1863) -- Hawaiian missionary and clergyman.
- William Whiting Boardman (1794-1871) -- politician.
- James Brewster (1788-1866) -- industrialist and railroad promoter.
- Kingman Brewster, Jr., (1919-1988) -- President of Yale University
- William Bristol (1779-1836) -- Mayor of New Haven, Connecticut.
- Walter Camp -- football coach known as the "Father of American Football".
- Jedediah Chapman (d. 1863) -- Civil War Union Army Officer killed at the Battle of Gettysburg.
- Thomas Clap (1703-1767) -- Rector & President of Yale College
- David Daggett (1764-1851) -- United States Senator, mayor of New Haven, Connecticut.
- Napthali Daggett (1727-1780) -- clergyman, President pro tempore of Yale College.
- George E. Day (1814-1905) -- Bible revisor
- Jeremiah Day (1773-1868) -- President of Yale University.
- Timothy Dwight IV (1752-1817) -- President of Yale University.
- Timothy Dwight V (1829-1916) -- President of Yale University.
- Amos Beebe Eaton (1806-1877) -- Civil War Union Brigadier General.
- Theophilus Eaton (1590-1657) -- a founder of New Haven, first Governor of New Haven.
- Henry Waggaman Edwards (1779-1847) -- United States Senator, Governor of Connecticut.
- Pierpont Edwards (1750-1826) -- Delegate to the Continental Congress.
- Ludwig Felber (1903-1937) -- died in the crash of the Hindenburg airship.
- Andrew Hull Foote (1806-1863) -- naval officer who ended the rum ration in the United States Navy.
- A. Bartlett Giamatti (1938-1989) -- baseball commissioner, President of Yale University.
- Josiah Willard Gibbs, Sr. (1790-1861) -- professor at Yale Divinity School who first spoke with the mutineers of the Amistad.
- Josiah Willard Gibbs, Jr. (1839-1903) -- scientist, "Father of Thermodynamics"
- Elizur Goodrich (1761-1849) -- mayor of New Haven, Connecticut.
- Charles Goodyear (1800-1860) -- inventor of vulcanized rubber.
- Alfred Whitney Griswold (1906-1963) -- President of Yale University.
- Arthur Twining Hadley (1857-1930) -- Dean of Yale Graduate School when women were first admitted. President of Yale University.
- Henry Baldwin Harrison (1821-1901) -- Governor of Connecticut
- James Hillhouse (1754-1832) -- real estate developer, politician, and treasurer of Yale. Namesake of Hillhouse Avenue in New Haven.
- J. Aspinwal Hodge (1861-1916) -- Presbyterian minister in early New Haven, Connecticut.
- David Humphreys (1752-1818) -- Aide de Camp to General George Washington
- Charles Roberts Ingersoll (1821-1903) -- Governor of Connecticut
- Colin Macrae Ingersoll (1819- 1903) -- United States Representative from Connecticut.
- Ralph Isaacs Ingersoll (1789-1872) -- United States Minister to Russia, mayor of New Haven, Connecticut.
- Nathaniel Jocelyn (1796-1881) -- portrait painter and engraver.
- Chauncey Jerome (1793-1868) -- mayor of New Haven, clockmaker
- John Gamble Kirkwood (1907-1959) -- chemist.
- Othniel Charles Marsh (1831-1899) -- paleontologist.
- Henry Czar Merwin (1839-1863) -- Civil War Union Army Officer killed at the Battle of Gettysburg
- Glenn Miller (Alton G. Miller) cenotaph -- (1904-1944) Jazz bandleader, trombonist.
- Jedidiah Morse (1761-1826) -- clergy, "Father of American Geography". Father of Samuel F. B. Morse.
- George Henry Nettleton (1874-1959) -- author.
- Denison Olmsted (1791-1859) -- Professor of Medicine and Natural Philosophy at Yale. One of the first to see Halley's Comet in 1835.
- Lars Onsager (1903-1976) -- Chemist. Nobel Laurate.
- Timothy Pitkin (1766-1847) -- politician, United States Representative from Connecticut.
- Noah Porter (1811-1892) -- clergyman, President of Yale College
- Charles Seymour (1885-1963) -- President of Yale University
- Joseph Earl Sheffield (1793-1882) -- merchant, founder of Sheffield Scientific School.
- Roger Sherman (1721-1793) -- the only person to have signed all four basic documents of American sovereignty, the Articles of Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution.
- Benjamin Silliman - (1779-1864) -- pioneer in scientific education.
- Nathan Smith (1770-1835) -- United States Senator from Connecticut.
- Ezra Stiles (1727-1795) -- President of Yale University.
- Henry Randolph Storrs (1787-1837) -- jurist.
- Alfred Howe Terry (1827- 1890) -- Civil War Union Major General.
- Ithiel Town (1784-June 12, 1844) -- architect and civil engineer. Inventor of the lattice truss bridge.
- William Kneeland Townsend (1849-1907) -- jurist
- Alexander C. Twining (1801-1884) -- inventor of first practical artificial ice system.
- Noah Webster (1758-1843) -- lexicographer, dictionary publisher.
- Nathan Whiting -- soldier, Colonel in the Seven Years War.
- Eli Whitney (1765- 1825) -- inventor of the cotton gin.
- Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1812-1889) -- abolitionist, President of Yale University
- Mary Clabaugh Wright (1917-1970) -- educator and historian, first woman to become a full professor at Yale University.
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