Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The town, founded in 1858, was named for Felix Grundy (1777-1840), United States Attorney General (1838-1839) and United States Senator from Tennessee (1839-1840). It was incorporated in 1876. The present courthouse dates from 1905.
In October 1864, Union raiders under Brigadier General Stephen Burbridge passed through Grundy on their way to destroy the saltworks near Saltville in Smyth County, where they were met by Confederate troops commanded by Brigadier General Alfred E. Jackson at the Battle of Saltville .
Since 1929, Grundy has suffered nine major floods of the adjoining Levisa Fork River. After the inundation of April 4, 1977, many businesses did not reopen, and the buildings that housed them were abandoned. A project is underway to relocate most of the town to higher ground on the other side of the river.
Grundy is located at 37°16'36" North, 82°5'42" West (37.276760, -82.095038)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 1,105 people, 405 households, and 249 families residing in the town. The population density is 84.7/km² (219.3/mi²). There are 519 housing units at an average density of 39.8/km² (103.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 79.19% White, 17.92% African American, 0.00% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 2.81% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 405 households out of which 22.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% are married couples living together, 7.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% are non-families. 36.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 17.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.28 and the average family size is 2.72.
In the town the population is spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $37,411, and the median income for a family is $47,143. Males have a median income of $40,236 versus $24,821 for females. The per capita income for the town is $19,531. 17.3% of the population and 10.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.8% of those under the age of 18 and 14.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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