Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Abbreviation: 桂 (pinyin: Guì)|
|Origin of Name|| 广 guǎng - region name|
西 xī - west
|Administration Type||Autonomous region|
| Capital and|
|CPC Guangxi Committee Secretary||Cao Bochun|
|Area||236,700 km² (9th)|
| Population (2002) |
| 48,220,000 (10th) |
| GDP (2002)|
- per capita
| 245.5 billion ¥ (16th) |
5092 ¥ (29th)
|Major Nationalities (2000)|| Han - 62%|
Zhuang - 32%
Yao - 3%
Miao - 1%
Dong - 0.7%
Gelao - 0.4%
Together, Guangxi and Guangdong are called the "Two Guang" (兩廣 liǎng guǎng).
Guangxi is divided into 14 prefecture-level cities: Nanning, Guilin, Liuzhou, Wuzhou , Guigang , Yulin, Qinzhou , Beihai, Fangchenggang , Chongzuo , Baise , Hechi , Laibin , and Hezhou . These are subdivided into 56 counties, 34 districts, 12 ethnic autonomous counties and 7 county-level cities.
The capital of Guangxi is Nanning.
Located in the southern part of the country, Guangxi is bordered by Yunnan to the west, Guizhou to the north, Hunan to the northeast, and Guangdong to the southeast, and by Vietnam and the Beibu Bay (South China Sea) to the southwest.
The region has a high concentration of Zhuang. Over 90% of the Chinese Zhuang people inhabit this region. There is also a significant number of both Dong and Miao minority people. Other ethnic groups include: Yao, Hui, Yi and Shui.
The major tourist attraction of Guangxi is Guilin, a town famed across China and the world for its spectacular setting by the Li river amongst severe karst peaks. It also used to be the capital of Guangxi, and Jingjiang Princes City, the old princes residence, is open to the public. South of Guilin down the river is the town of Yangshuo, which has become a favourite destination for foreign tourists, particularly backpackers.
Ethnic minorities native to Guangxi, such as the Zhuang and Dong, are also interesting for tourists. The northern part of the province, bordering with Guizhou, is home to the Longmen rice terraces, said to be some of the steepest in the world. Nearby Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County features unique Dong minority architecture.
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