Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- See Gunma (disambiguation) for other places whose name is Gunma in Japan.
In the past, Gunma was joined with Tochigi and called Kenu Province. This was later divided into Kami-kenu (Upper Kenu) and Shimo-kenu (Lower Kenu). For most of Japanese history, Gunma was known as the province of Kouzuke .
Gunma is the northwestern-most prefecture of the Kanto, and is mostly mountainous in the north, with more of the population concentrated in the southern half facing Saitama Prefecture. It has a colder climate more like the Hokuriku region than the lower parts of the Kanto.
Gunma is said to be shaped like a crane in flight (Jomo Karuta).
Towns and Villages
Gunma's modern industries include transport equipment and electrical equipment, concentrated around Maebashi and the eastern region nearest Tokyo. More traditional industries include silk and agriculture.
The prefectural symbol consists of the first kanji of the word 'Gunma' surrounded by three stylized mountains symbolizing the three important mountains of Gunma Prefecture: Mt. Haruna, Mt. Akagi, and Mt. Myogi.
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