Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
A halide is a binary compound, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative than the halogen. Many salts are halides. All Group 1 metals form halides with the halogens and they are white solids.
Metal halides are used in high-intensity discharge lamps called metal halide lamps, such as those used in modern street lights. These are more energy-efficient than mercury-vapor lamps, and have much better colour rendition than orange high-pressure sodium lamps.
Pseudohalides resemble halides in their charge and reactivity; common examples are NNN-, CNO-, CN-, etc.
- sodium chloride (NaCl)
- fluorine chloride (FCl)
- potassium iodide (KI)
- lithium chloride (LiCl)
- copper(II) chloride (CuCl2)
- Bromomethane (CH3Br)
- Iodoform (CHI3)
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