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Over ninety percent of the Hani live in the Southwestern province of Yunnan, scattered on the hilly areas between the Lancang Jiang (Mekong River) and the Yuan Jiang (Red River). One half of the population is concentrated in the Red River Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture, of which Geiju is the capital.
The origins of the Hani are not precisely known, though their ancestors, the ancient Qiang tribe, are believed to have migrated southward from the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau prior to the third century AD.
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