Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
|Nearest City||Mountain View, Hawaii|
|August 1, 1916|
|Governing Body||National Park Service|
|IUCN category||II (National Park)|
Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, established in 1916, displays the results of 70 million years of volcanism, migration, and evolution—processes that thrust a bare land from the sea and clothed it with complex and unique ecosystems and a distinct human culture. The park encompasses diverse environments that range from sea level to the summit of the earth's most massive volcano, Mauna Loa at 13,677 feet. Kilauea, the world's most active volcano, offers scientists insights on the birth of the Hawaiian Islands and visitors' views of dramatic volcanic landscapes. The park includes 505 mi˛ (1309 km˛) of land.
Over half of the park is designated wilderness and provides unusual hiking and camping opportunities. In recognition of its outstanding natural values, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park has been designated as an International Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site.
It is said that if any volcanic rock is taken from Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (or anywhere in Hawaii) that the person that took it will be cursed until it is returned. The same is true for black sand.
The volcanic activity generated by Hawaii Volcanoes National Park helped create Punaluu Black Sand Beach.
- Official site: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
- Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park Pictures
- Photos of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park - Terra Galleria
- Lava Quest Hiking to See Lava Flows
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