Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
For the 1940s-era radial-engine Hawker Fury, see Hawker Sea Fury.
|Combat range||388 miles||620 km|
The Fury was the RAF's first operational fighter aircraft to be able to exceed 200 mph (320 km/h) in level flight. It had highly sensitive controls which gave it superb aerobatic performance. It was designed partly for the fast interception of bombers and to that end it had a climb rate of almost 2400 feet per minute (730 m/min).
There were two marks of Fury. The Fury I made its maiden flight on the 25th March 1931 and was issued to No. 43 Squadron later that year. The Fury II has several improvements including a 20% increase in power, a higher top speed, and a greater rate of climb. It was issued to squadrons in 1936-1937.
Three Spanish variants were ordered in 1935 which eventually took part in the Spanish Civil War, serving with both sides of the conflict. The Spanish variant had a cantilever undercarriage design and could achieve a top speed of 242 mph.
By 1939 the Fury had been phased out from RAF squadrons and replaced with, amongst other designs, Gloster Gladiators and Hawker Hurricanes. However it was still used in some foreign air forces in the early 1940s; Yugoslav Furies saw action against Axis forces in the German invasion of 1941.
- First flight: 25 March 1931
- Length: 26 ft 8 in (Mk I), 26 ft 9 in (Mk II)
- Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in
- Height: 10 ft 2 in
- Empy weight: 2623 lb (Mk I), 2734 lb (Mk II)
- Loaded weight: 3490 lb (Mk I), 3609 lb (Mk II)
- Engine: One Rolls-Royce Kestrel IIS 525 hp (Mk I), Kestrel IV 640 hp (Mk II)
- Maximum speed: 207 mph at 14,000 ft (Mk I), 223 mph at 16,500 ft (Mk II)
- Service ceiling: 28,000 ft (Mk I), 29,500 ft (Mk II)
- Rate of climb: 2,264 ft/min (Mk I), 2,600 ft/min (Mk II)
- Armament: 2 x 0.303 in Vickers Mk III machine-guns (Mk I), Mk IV (Mk II), provision for light bomb racks under wings if required
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