Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hawkishness or Hawkism is an informal Americanism used to describe a political stance of preparedness for aggression, by diplomatic and ultimately military means, against others to improve the standing of their own government, country or organization.
The term is an allusion to the bird of prey, the hawk, and is usually contrasted with the term dovish, which makes an allusion to the more peaceful dove bird. In the United States, the first people to be called "War Hawks" were those who favored American expansion and war with Great Britain in the years before the War of 1812.
The term is sometimes extended to a tough stance on other issues, such as "deficit hawk" for someone who puts a high priority on reducing the United States federal budget deficit.
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