Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hematology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with blood and its disorders.
It is commonly divided into three sub-areas, according to the type and group of cells it refers to. This subdivision is incomplete, as many diseases affect most or all of the components of blood and bone marrow.
- Red blood cells
- White blood cells
- Platelets and coagulation
Common tests used in the investigation of haematological problems include:
- Blood transfusion (for anemia)
- Venesection (for iron overload or polycythemia)
- Bone marrow transplant (e.g. for leukemia)
- Chemotherapy (e.g. for leukemia)
- Radiotherapy (in decline, e.g. for leukemia)
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