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Hendersonville is located at 36°18'0" North, 86°36'22" West (36.300084, -86.606109).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 85.2 km² (32.9 mi²). 70.8 km² (27.3 mi²) of it is land and 14.4 km² (5.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 16.93% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 40,620 people, 15,823 households, and 11,566 families residing in the city. The population density is 573.9/km² (1,486.4/mi²). There are 16,507 housing units at an average density of 233.2/km² (604.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 92.93% White, 4.12% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 15,823 households out of which 35.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% are married couples living together, 10.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% are non-families. 22.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.55 and the average family size is 3.00.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $50,108, and the median income for a family is $57,625. Males have a median income of $40,823 versus $27,771 for females. The per capita income for the city is $24,165. 6.2% of the population and 5.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.2% of those under the age of 18 and 7.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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