Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in South Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. It is located on the corner between Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.
Population 10,558 (1991 census).
The town itself was established in the 12th century. It owes much to its location and port that supplied London with timber and grain.
Henley Bridge is a five arched bridge across the river which was built in 1786. The church of St. Mary is located nearby and features a tower built in the 16th century. About a mile upstream of the bridge is Marsh Lock.
Henley is a centre for rowing, each summer holding the Henley Royal Regatta, one of the highlights of the social calendar of the English upper classes. The regatta is held on a stretch of the river that is naturally straight. The event became Royal in 1851. In that year Prince Albert became the patron of the regatta.
Other regattas are held on the same reach, including Henley Women's Regatta.
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