Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Henschel & Son
Henschel & Son (Henschel & Sohn) was German company, situated in Kassel. It manufactured mainly locomotives before war.
Georg Christian Carl Henschel founded factory in 1810 in Kassel. His son Carl Anton Henschel founded another factory 1837. Year 1848 company started manufacturing locomotives. Factory became largest locomotive manufacturer in Germany by 20th cenrury. Year 1920 company became GmbH.
Early 1935 Henschel started manufacturing Panzer I. During World War II, 1939-1940 it began large scale production of the PzKpw III, and Tiger I from 1941. Henschel was the primary manufacturer of the Panzer VI. During 1945 company had 8000 workers working in two shifts each of 12 hours. Company's factories were one of the most important bomber targets in war and destroyed nearly completely.
Manufacturing began again in 1948. Year 1964 company took over shares of Rheinischen Stahlwerke and became Rheinstahl Henschel AG and 1976 Thyssen Henschel, and 1990 ABB Henschel AG. Year 1996 company became ABB Daimler Benz Transportation Adtranz.
Henschel aircraft and missiles included:
- Henschel Hs 117 Schmetterling (Butterfly), surface-to-air missile (rocket-engined)
- Henschel Hs 121 , fighter + trainer (prototype)
- Henschel Hs 123, ground-attack (biplane)
- Henschel Hs 124 , heavy fighter + bomber (prototype)
- Henschel Hs 125 , fighter + trainer (prototype)
- Henschel Hs 126, reconnaissance
- Henschel Hs 127, jet-engined bomber (prototype)
- Henschel Hs 129, ground-attack
- Henschel Hs 130 , high altitude reconnaissance + bomber (jet engined) (prototype)
- Henschel Hs 132, dive bomber (jet-engined) (prototype)
- Henschel Hs 293, glide bomb (rocket-powered)
- Henschel Hs 294 , anti-shipping glide bomb (rocket-powered)
- Henschel Hs 297
- Henschel Hs 298 , air-to-air missile (rocket-powered)
- Chief Designer Erwin Adlers
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