Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hermann Hoth (12 April 1885 - 26 January 1971) was a general of the Third Reich during World War II, notable for victories in France and on the Eastern Front, and later, after serving six years in prison for war crimes, as a writer on military history.
He was born in Neuruppin, the son of an army medical officer. He joined the German Army in 1904 and served in World War I. He remained in the army during the Weimar period, and in 1935 was appointed to command the 18th Division of the reorganized army.
In Operation Barbarossa in 1941, Hoth commanded Panzer Group 3 , capturing Minsk and Vitebsk, then in a shakeup in October, replaced von Stuelpnagel as commander of 17th Army in the Ukraine. His army was driven back by a Russian offensive in January 1942.
In the autumn of 1943 the Soviet army mounted a series of successful offensives that pushed the Germans back, and despite a distinguished record, Hoth, now Colonel-General, was blamed by Hitler for part of the losses, was reassigned to the reserves in November.
After the war, he was put on trial at the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, found guilty of war crimes in the High Command Trial, and on 27 October 1948 sentenced to 15 years in prison. He was released in 1954 and spent his retirement writing. He died at Goslar, where he is buried.
- Panzer-Operationen: Die Panzergruppe 3 und der operative Gedanke der deutschen Führung, Sommer 1941 (Heidelberg: Kurt Vowinckel Verlag , 1956)
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