Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Status:||Ceremonial & Administrative County|
|Region:||East of England|
- Admin. council
- Total (2002 est.)
- Admin. council
631 / km²
Hertfordshire County Council
|Members of Parliament|
|Barbara Follett, Claire Ward, James Clappison, Kerry Pollard, Marion Roe, Mark Prisk, Melanie Johnson, Oliver Heald, Peter Lilley, Richard Page, Tony McWalter|
The highest point in the county is 803 feet (245 m) above sea level, a quarter mile (400 m) from the village of Hastoe near Tring.
The county motto is "Trust and fear not".
Main article: History of Hertfordshire.
Main article: Geology of Hertfordshire.
The rocks of Hertfordshire belong to the great shallow syncline known as the London basin . The beds dip in a south-easterly direction towards the syncline’s lowest point roughly under the River Thames. The most important formations are the Cretaceous Chalk, which is exposed as the high ground in the north and west of the county and the younger Palaeocene , Reading Beds and Eocene, London Clay which occupy the remaining southern part. The eastern half of the county was covered by glaciers during the Ice Age and has a superficial layer of glacial boulder clays.
These are the main towns in Hertfordshire. For a complete list of settlements see list of places in Hertfordshire.
- Baldock, Berkhamsted, Bishop's Stortford.
- Cheshunt, Chorleywood.
- Harpenden, Hatfield, Hemel Hempstead, Hertford Hitchin, Hoddesdon.
- Letchworth Garden City.
- Potters Bar.
- Rickmansworth, Royston
- Sawbridgeworth, Stevenage, St Albans
- Ware, Watford, Welwyn Garden City.
Places of interest
- Aldenham Country Park
- Beech Bottom Dyke , St Albans - large scale iron age defensive or boundary ditch
- Berkhamstead Castle
- De Havilland Aircraft Heritage Centre , Salisbury Hall , between London Colney and South Mimms
- Ye Olde Fighting Cocks, St Albans - a claimant to being the oldest pub in Britian.
- Hatfield House : Jacobean house, gardens and park
- Knebworth House - 250 acres of country park, venue of regular rock and pop festivals.
- St Albans Cathedral
- Shaw's Corner, Ayot St Lawrence, home of George Bernard Shaw.
- The Six Hills Roman site in Stevenage.
- Stevenage, the first UK New Town
- Sopwell Nunnery , St Albans
- The University of Hertfordshire was created from Hatfield Polytechnic which originated in Hatfield.
- Verulamium Roman town remains at St Albans
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