Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hideki Tojo (東條 英機 Tōjō Hideki) (December 30 1884–December 23 1948) was a General in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 27th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 18 1941 to July 22 1944.
Tojo was born in Tokyo in 1884. He was a member of the military clique that pushed Japan into war in the late 1930s. He was also Chief of Staff of the Kwangtung Army and Chief of the Kempeitai. As War Minister in 1940 he was instrumental in leading Japan into the Axis Alliance with Germany and Italy. By 1941 he was appointed prime minister by Emperor Hirohito and took command of the entire Japanese military. Though Hirohito remained nominally in charge, the dominance of the Japanese military at the time ensured that Tojo was the nation's effective dictator.
After the war, he shot himself in the chest as a suicide attempt. He survived and was arrested a short time later. He recovered from his injuries at a hospital.
He then was tried by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East for war crimes. He was found guilty of count 1 (waging wars of aggression, and war or wars in violation of international law), count 27 (waging unprovoked war against China), count 29 (waging aggressive war against the United States), count 31 (waging aggressive war against the British Commonwealth), count 32 (waging aggressive war against the Netherlands (Indonesia)), count 33 (waging aggressive war against France (Indochina)), and count 54 (ordering, authorizing, and permitting inhumane treatment of Prisoners of War (POWs) and others). He was sentenced to death on November 12, 1948 and executed by hanging.
Hideki Tojo's nickname was "the razor (kamisori)".
|Prime Minister of Japan|
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