Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Body Styles:||5-door Crossover SUV|
|Shares components with:||Honda Civic|
|Comparable models:||Toyota RAV4|
|This article is part of the automobile series.|
The Honda CR-V is a Crossover SUV, a type of automobile, manufactured by Honda. It was derived from the Honda Civic platform to satisfy a public demand for an SUV from Honda. The name CR-V stands for "Comfortable Runabout Vehicle". It is available in both All-wheel drive and Front-wheel drive.
The CR-V was Honda's first in-house designed sport utility vehicle. It was originally intended only to be a niche vehicle. It was introduced in Japan in 1996. There was hesitant effort to market the vehicle since many felt the car did not have potential to sell alongside its predecessor the Honda Passport. It was displayed for the first time on US soil at the 1996 Chicago Auto Show. Citing strong sales from the comparable Toyota RAV4 upon its release, it was then brought to the US market in February of 1997. Shortly afterwards CR-V sales outpaced those of the RAV4, and has maintained strong sales and accolades ever since.
The original CR-V design spanned from 1997 to 1998. Its introduction had only one model trim which would later be known as the LX model trim. Powerplant for the original CR-V would be the 2.0 liter B20B engine producing 126 hp (94 kW) and 133 ft·lbf (180 Nm) of torque. Outer dimensions for this engine would be identical to the 1.6 liter Civic engine, but with a one piece cylinder liner to increase displacement. Body was a unit body design with 4-wheel double wishbone suspension. Internal trim was upholstry for all models. Rear seats of the vehicle were able to fold down. A picnic table was stowed in the rear floor area. Common external trait that was visible with this generation was plastic cladding covering the front bumper, rear bumper, and fender wells. A major difference between the LX and EX trim was that the EX had ABS and the LX trim did not.
Although the body style remained the same as Generation 1, an update for the CR-V from 1998 to 2001 was in response to criticism of the original engine lacking enough power for a vehicle of about 3200 pounds (1450 kg). The engine was changed to the 2.0 liter B20Z engine producing 165 hp (123 kW) and 133 ft·lbf (180 Nm) of torque. The fuel economy and price of the overall vehicle were not affected by this increase. The increase in power is due to implementation of VTEC and engine tuning to increase power without having to increase displacement.The interior cloth was improved for longer trips in the CR-V. Some consumers felt that the support provided by the seats was inadequate for longer trips. Up to 2001, the CR-V sold more than other vehicles in its class. However in 2001 sales of the Ford Escape and its clone the Mazda Tribute had sold more.
The second generation of the CR-V was a full restyle of the small truck based on the latest Civic chassis. Since 2002, the Honda CR-V has come with the next evolution in Honda engines, the K24 engine. The new engine produces 160 hp (119 kW) and 162 ft·lbf (220 Nm) of torque. The engine uses i-VTEC to implement variable engine timings over the complete range of engine throttle. This improves power and torque at lower engine revolutions as well at higher revolutions. The engine still retains the same fuel economy of previous CR-V engines. Suspension for the next generation CR-V was changed to front toe control link MacPherson struts and rear reactive link double wishbone. The compact rear suspension increased cargo space to 72 cubic feet (2 m³). The CR-V features a newly developed chassis with increased torsional rigidity and bending rigidity. The second-generation CR-V was Car and Driver magazine's Best Small SUV for 2002 and 2003.
Beginning with 2005 models, all CR-V's sold in the United States have ABS, side airbags for front passengers, and side-curtain airbags for all outboard occupants. The 2005 CR-V also comes with 16 inch (406 mm) wheels; earlier models had 15 inch (381 mm) wheels.
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