Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hong Kong dollar
The Hong Kong Dollar (ISO 4217: HKD) is the official currency of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) within the People's Republic of China. Under the Basic Law of Hong Kong and the Sino-British Joint Declaration, Hong Kong retains autonomy with respect to currency issuance.
The Hong Kong dollar has been pegged to the United States dollar since October 17, 1983 at HK$7.80 per U.S. dollar through the currency board system. A bank can only issue a Hong Kong dollar if it has the equivalent exchange in U.S. dollars on deposit. The currency board system ensures that Hong Kong's entire monetary base is backed with U.S. dollars at the linked exchange rate. The resources for this backing are kept in Hong Kong's Exchange Fund, which is among the largest official reserves in the world.
While the coins are issued by the SAR Government, Hong Kong banknotes (except the 10-dollar denomination) are issued by one of three banks in Hong Kong under the supervision of the territory's de facto central bank, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority. These banks are the Bank of China (Hong Kong), Standard Chartered Bank and Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Each bank has its own design for the paper bank notes, but the size and colors are consistent for each denomination.
Starting in 1997, prior to the establishment of the SAR, coins with Queen Elizabeth II's portrait were gradually withdrawn from circulation, and now most of the notes and coins in circulations feature Hong Kong's Bauhinia blakeana flower or other symbols. Coins with the Queen's portrait are still legal tender, but are phasing out.
After a less-than-successful trial from 1994 to 2002 to move the 10-dollar denomination from the banknote format (issued by the banks) to the coin format (Government-issued), the 10-dollar banknotes are the only denomination issued by the SAR Government and not the banks. 10-dollar bank notes issued by banks are, although rare and phasing out, still circulated.
In July 1972, it was repegged to the U.S. dollar at HK$5.65 per dollar, and in February 1973, it was re-set to HK$5.085 per dollar.
The Hong Kong dollar was allowed to float freely in November 1974 until it was repegged in October 1983.
Coins in circulation 
- 10 cent
- 20 cent
- 50 cent
Bank-notes in circulation
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details