Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
House of Freedoms
Casa delle LibertÓ, or House of Freedoms in English, is an Italian right-wing party alliance, composed of Forza Italia, National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale), Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC), Socialist Party New PSI (Nuovo PSI) and Northern League (Lega Nord), led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi.
After a 5-year left-wing government, Berlusconi managed to cool down the hotheads of the League, and won the elections again (2001), this time with a stable government. It sought to undermine the proportionality rules of the Italian Additional Member System of elections by running many of its constituency candidates under a decoy list called Abolizione Scorporo, a title which explicity stated its opposition to the counting rules; its tactic largely worked because it had more support than the left-wing Olive Tree (Uniti nell'Ulivo) alliance.
In 2003 it was routed in local elections by the Olive Tree alliance, and the League has threatened to pull out of the House of Freedoms.
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