Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
He has since become an icon for the hedonistic ideals associated with the periodical. He reportedly has an IQ of 150, and he has certainly been very adept at human management skills. He is also a charismatic and highly persuasive individual. He majored in philosophy at the University of Illinois.
Hefner has been married twice. His 1959 breakup of his first marriage to Millie Williams, whom he married in 1949, is believed to be linked to his commencing his Playboy empire. His daughter Christie, born in 1954, is from this marriage. Christie joined her father's editorial staff, and now holds the title of Chairman of Playboy Enterprises. He also had a son, David.
He later married Playmate Kimberley Conrad in 1988. Conrad later became Playmate of the Year in 1989. This marriage broke up in 1998. The couple had two children—Marston, born 1990 and Cooper, born 1991. During this period, Hefner lived monogamously.
Hefner is known to have been involved with the following Playmates: the then 18-year-old Donna Michelle (PMOY 1964), Marilyn Cole (1971), Lillian Muller (1976), Patti McGuire (1977), Terri Welles (1981) and Brande Roderick (2001). The lattermost lived openly with three other women, including two twin sisters. In 1997, Welles defeated a lawsuit launched by her former lover's empire when she used her name in connection with Playboy on a website that she created.
Other noteworthy attachments include Mary Warren (1964–8); Barbi Benton (1968–74); Karen Christy (1971–4); ex-Sunday school teacher Sandra Theodore (1974–81) and then 19-year-old Carrie Leigh (1983–87). The lattermost liaison ended with an attempted $35 million palimony lawsuit by Leigh against Hefner, which failed.
After his seperation from Kimberley Conrad Hefner in 1999, Hefner began living with an ever-changing number of blonde women, whose ages range from 18 to 28. He told Vanity Fair magazine "And here's the surprise bit—it's what they want!" The actual nature of the relationship between Hefner and these women at his relatively advanced age is sometimes the subject of speculation. No children have come of these relationships—a source of speculation for many of Hefner's critics.
The idea of Playboy sprung from Hefner while he was in college. The original name for the magazine came from deciding that his "baby" should have the name he "knew he was himself".
Before becoming a publishing magnate, Hefner was a copywriter.
The Hugh M. Hefner First Amendment Awards were created by daughter Christie in 1979, "to honor individuals who have made significant contributions in the vital effort to protect and enhance First Amendment rights for Americans," to quote from Playboy.
Miller, Russell (1985), Bunny: The Real Story of Playboy, London: Corgi
- Profile of Hefner from Playboy Enterprises corporate site (page does not contain nudity)
- "Brilliant Careers: Hugh Hefner" (Salon.com, December 28, 1999
- A Christian article
- "He swings. He misses."
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