Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Hungarian Civic Union
The Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union (in Hungarian: Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség) is a large conservative centre-right political party in Hungary; as of 2004 the most important one in the opposition.
It was founded in 1988, named simply Fidesz (Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége, Alliance of Young Democrats), originally as a youthful libertarian party against communism. In the mid-1990s it realigned its political position into a conservative line where it is now, adding "Hungarian Civic Party" (Magyar Polgári Párt) to its shortened name. It took its present name in 2003, "Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union".
It has 164 members of the Hungarian National Assembly, out of a total of 386. It was the most successful party in the 2004 European Parliamentary Elections, gaining 47.4% of the vote and electing 12 MEPs including Lívia Járóka, the first Roma MEP.
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