Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Sir Ian Holm (born September 12, 1931) is a British actor (real name Ian Holm Cuthbert). Born in Goodmayes, Essex, he was educated at Chigwell School and then RADA. Holm was an established star of the Royal Shakespeare Company before making an impact on television and film.
In 1965, Holm played Richard III in the BBCs serialisation of the Wars of the Roses plays, and gradually made a name for himself with minor roles in films such as Oh! What a Lovely War (1969), Nicholas and Alexandra (1971), Mary, Queen of Scots (1971) and Young Winston (1972). By the time of Alien (1979) and Chariots of Fire (1981), he was a major star in the UK, and his reputation gradually spread to the USA. He continued to perform Shakespeare, and appeared with Kenneth Branagh in Henry V (1989) and as Polonius to Mel Gibson's Hamlet. He could also be seen as Desmond Cussen opposite Miranda Richardson in Dance with a Stranger.
In 1991 he married, as his third wife, popular actress Penelope Wilton, and they appeared together in The Borrowers (1993) on British television, although in 2001 they divorced. In 1989 Holm was created a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) for his services to drama, and in 1998 he was knighted.
In 2001 he starred in From Hell as the physician Sir William Withey Gull. The same year he appeared as Bilbo Baggins in the blockbuster film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, having previously played Bilbo's nephew Frodo Baggins in 1981 BBC Radio adaptation of The Lord of the Rings. He reappeared in the trilogy in The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). In 2004, he appeared in The Day After Tomorrow, Zach Braff's Garden State, and Martin Scorsese's The Aviator.
His is one of the most familiar voices in Britain, having been heard in countless TV documentaries and commercials.
- Oh! What A Lovely War 1969
- Nicholas and Alexandra 1971
- Mary, Queen of Scots 1971
- Young Winston 1972
- Alien 1979
- Chariots of Fire 1981
- Time Bandits 1981
- Brazil 1985
- Dance with a Stranger 1985
- Henry V 1989
- Naked Lunch 1991
- Hamlet 1992
- The Madness of King George 1994
- The Sweet Hereafter 1997
- The Fifth Element 1997
- From Hell 2001
- The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring 2001
- The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King 2003
- The Day After Tomorrow 2004
- Garden State 2004
- The Aviator 2004
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