Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Ijmāʿ (Arabic, إجماع) refers to the consensus of the ummah, the community of Muslims, those practicing Islam, or of the ulema, those learned in the relevant topic. Islamic law prescribes specific means of consensus decision making which Muslims are to follow in making and enforcing law.
The hadith "My community will never agree upon an error" is often cited as support for the validity of ijma.
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