Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
For an article on American Indians see Native Americans.
An Indian American is an American by residence or citizenship who has ancestry originating in the Indian subregion of South Asia. For example, a great number of Indian Americans were born in India and immigrated to the United States, or were born in the United States and have Indian ancestry. Another significant example is that of Americans of Indian origin from other parts of the world's Indian diaspora, and their descendants in America.
Numbering at least 2.5 million, Indian Americans account for slightly less than 1% of the total population of the United States. Indian Americans are the largest subgroup of South Asian Americans , and the third-largest subgroup of Asian Americans, after Chinese Americans and Filipino Americans. 2 million Indian Americans are either legal citizens or permanent residents, and an additional 500,000 to 1 million others work in the country and have been granted work-permits and visas, but are not citizens or permanent residents. Many Indian Americans specialize in the fields of computers and medicine; while many others are engineers or other specialists.
There are many negative stereotypes about Indian Americans, such as the idea that all Indians in the USA perform menial jobs like working at 7-11 or driving taxis. At the same time, however, many individuals, particularly those in the fields of medicine and technology, consider Indian Americans to be the epitome of the model minority. Indeed, according to the U.S. Census Indian Americans have the highest median income of any ethnic group in the U.S. ($60,093). In addition, Merrill Lynch recently revealed that there are nearly 200,000 Indian American millionaires. And according to the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin, there are close to 35,000 Indian American doctors.
Demographic and Cultural Profile
Like the terms "Asian American" or "South Asian American," the term "Indian American" is also an umbrella label applying to a huge mosaic of cultures, and people of widely varying socioeconomic status, education, place of residence, generation, views, values, lifestyles, and appearance. While statistics below describe general trends, no attempts can fully portray the diversity of the community.
Indian-Americans generally do very well and are well off.
Many are doctors, engineers, and IT. They comes for graduate school and work as Teaching Assistants.
Large numbers in New York, New Jersey, and California. Chicago and NYC.
They have an edge over other immigrants because of the better comprehension of English leftover from British rule.
There are food and video stores that have South Asain food and Hindi movies.
They have Hindi radio stations in areas with a high Indian population.
History and Immigration
1943: Republican Clara Booth Luce and Democrat Emanuel Celler introduce bill to open naturalization to Indian immigrants to the US. Prominent Americans Pearl Buck, Louis Fischer, Albert Einstein and Robert Mullikan give their endorsement to the bill. President Franklin Roosevelt also endorses the bill, calling for an end to the "statutory discrimination against the Indians". - - July 3, 1946: President Harry Truman successfully persuades enough Members of the US Congress to pass the bill. President Trumans signs into law the Celler-Luce Bill. - - 1956: Dalip Singh Saund elected to the US Congress. He will be re-elected to a 2nd and 3rd term, winning over 60% of the votes. - - 1965: President Lyndon Johnson signs into law, the elimination of per-country immigration quotas, and the introduction of immigration on a first come first serve basis. - - 2004: Bobby Jindal elected to the US Congress, taking 78% of the vote.
Current Social Issues
This section is a stub for current issues and questions in the community.
Asian-American is usually assumed as mongoliod in the US even though India is apart of Asia.
There's a big rivalry between Gujartis and Punjabis.
Since Sept.11, many Indians have been mistaken targets for hate crimes. A sikh was shot for being mistaken for an Arab. Osama Bin Laden wore a turban and this shown on TV repeatedly. Skin color of an Indian and his accent can also lead to discrimination.
In the media, Indians are depicted as cheap and usually as store owners and taxi drivers even though many are top fields of science and industry.
They assimilate pretty well and usually have no problems with other American groups.
Usually in customs are observed during marriaged. Indians do marry with other ethinicities in America.
This section is a stub for political activity, political organizations, involvement in foreign politics, and notable political figures.
Books on Indian Americans
- The Karma of Brown Folk by Vijay Prashad of the University of Minnesota.
Films with Indian American Subject Matter
Other External Links
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