Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
In general usage, an interface is the point, area, or surface along which two substances or other qualitatively different things meet; it is also used metaphorically for the juncture between items. The word interface is sometimes (usually in technical disciplines) shortened to "i/f".
The verb to interface means to interconnect two or more entities at a common point or shared boundary, or to prepare either entity for that purpose.
The word interface also has the following specialized meanings:
- The user interface is the functional and sensorial attributes of a system (appliance, software, vehicle, etc.) that are relevant to its operation by users.
- In electronics and computer engineering, an interface may be
- The physical boundary between two subsystems or devices.
- A part or circuit in some subsystem that sends or receives signals to or from other subsystems: network interface, video interface , network card.
- A standard specifying a set of functional characteristics, common physical interconnection characteristics, and signal characteristics for the exchange of data or signals: USB interface , SCSI interface .
- In telecommunications, a point of interconnection between user terminal equipment and commercial communications facilities.
- In software engineering, it is a specification of those properties of a software component that other components may rely upon: see interface (computer science).
- In chemistry, it is the surface between two distinct phases in a heterogeneous mixture.
- In geology, it may be a surface or anomalous layer between two distincive geological epochs or rock types.
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