Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) was established in 1902 by eight northern European nations. ICES today has nineteen member nations from both Europe and North America. In the early years the aim of ICES as a scientific organisation was to work on practical fisheries problem and serve as a multidisciplinary forum including all disciplines related to marine sciences.
ICES today is a modern intergovernmental organisation that promotes marine research in the North Atlantic.
- Rozwadowski, Helen M. (2002). The Sea Knows No Boundaries. A Century of Marine Science under ICES. ISBN0295982594 448pp.
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