Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
International Cricket Council
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body for international Test match and One-day International cricket. It is currently headquartered at Lord's cricket ground. In March 2005, the ICC announced it would relocate its offices to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, in August.
On June 15, 1909 representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord's and founded the Imperial Cricket Conference. Membership was confined to the governing bodies of cricket within the Commonwealth where test cricket was played.
After the formation of Pakistan in 1947, it was given test status in 1953 becoming the seventh test-playing nation. In 1961, South Africa ceased to be a member of the ICC on leaving the British Commonwealth.
In 1965, the Conference was renamed the International Cricket Conference and new rules adopted to permit the election of countries from outside the British Commonwealth. This led to the expansion of the Conference, with the admission of Associate Members. Associates were each entitled to one vote, while the Foundation and Full Members were entitled to two votes on ICC resolutions. Foundation Members retained a right of veto. Sri Lanka was admitted in 1981.
In 1989, new rules were adopted and the name changed to the current name, the International Cricket Council. In 1991, South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC, followed by the admission of Zimbabwe in 1992. Bangladesh was admitted as the tenth test-playing nation in 2000.
The ICC has three classes of membership: Full Members, Associate Members and Affiliate Members.
Full Members are the governing bodies for cricket recognised by ICC of a country, or countries associated for cricket purposes, or a geographical area, from which representative teams are qualified to play official test matches.
|Governing Body||Date of joining|
|Australia||Cricket Australia||June 15, 1909|
|England||England and Wales Cricket Board||June 15, 1909|
|South Africa||United Cricket Board of South Africa|| June 15, 1909|
readmitted July 10, 1991
|India||Board of Control for Cricket in India||May 31, 1926|
|New Zealand||New Zealand Cricket||May 31, 1926|
|West Indies||West Indies Cricket Board of Control||May 31, 1926|
|Pakistan||Pakistan Cricket Board||July 28, 1953|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka Cricket||July 21, 1981|
|Zimbabwe||Zimbabwe Cricket Union||July 6, 1992|
|Bangladesh||Bangladesh Cricket Board||June 26, 2000|
These are countries where cricket is firmly established and organised but do not qualify for Full Membership. There are 27 Associate Members. They are Argentina (1974), Bermuda (1966), Canada (1968), Cayman Islands (2002), Denmark (1966), Fiji (1965), France (1998), Germany (1999), Gibraltar (1969), Hong Kong (1969), Ireland (1993), Israel (1974), Italy (1995), Kenya (1981), Malaysia (1967), Namibia (1992), Nepal (1996), The Netherlands (1966), Nigeria (2002), Papua New Guinea (1973), Scotland (1994), Singapore (1974), Tanzania (2001), Uganda (1998), United Arab Emirates (1990), United States (1965), Zambia (2003).
These are countries where the ICC recognises that cricket is played according to the Laws of Cricket.
There are 55 Affiliate Members: Afghanistan (2001), Austria (1992), Bahamas (1987), Bahrain (2001), Belgium (1991), Belize (1997), Bhutan (2001), Botswana (2001), Brazil (2002), Brunei (1992), Chile (2002), China (2004), Cook Islands (2000), Costa Rica (2002), Croatia (2001), Cuba (2002), Cyprus (1999), Czech Republic (2000), Finland (2000), Gambia (2002), Ghana (2002), Greece (1995), Indonesia (2001), Iran (2003), Isle of Man (2004), Japan (1989), South Korea (2001), Kuwait (1998), Lesotho (2001), Luxembourg (1998), Malawi (2003), Maldives (1998), Malta (1998), Mexico (2004), Morocco (1999), Mozambique (2003), Norway (2000), Oman (2000), Panama (2002), Philippines (2000), Portugal (1996), Rwanda (2003), Qatar (1999), Samoa (2000), Saudi Arabia (2003), Sierra Leone (2002), Spain (1992), St Helena (2001), Suriname (2002), Sweden (1997), Switzerland (1985), Thailand (1995), Tonga (2000), Turks and Caicos Islands (2002), Vanuatu (1995).
These regional bodies aim to organise, promote and develop the game of cricket:
- Asian Cricket Council
- East and Central Africa Cricket Council
- European Cricket Council
- West Africa Cricket Council
Competitions and awards
- First Class
- One Day
The ICC has instituted the ICC Awards to recognise and honour the best international cricket players of the previous 12 months. The inaugural ICC Awards ceremony was held on 7 September, 2004, in London.
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