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International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. It is published by the World Health Organization and is used world-wide for morbidity and mortality statistics.
It is revised periodically and is currently in its tenth edition, known as the ICD-10.
It was devised to standardize the collection and analysis of mortality statistics. It originally began as the Bertillon Classification (1893) and later became the ICD. Work on ICD-10 began in 1983 and was completed in 1992.
Every disease (or group of related diseases) is described with its diagnosis and given a unique code, up to five letters long.
ICD-CM (Clinical Modification)
A related publication is the ICD-CM (Clinical Modification), published by the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. It provides for additional morbidity detail. The latest version (2001) of ICD-CM is ICD-9-CM; a draft for ICD-10-CM has been produced.
Classification of Diseases and Injuries
1. Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
3. Endocrine, Nutritional, and Metabolic Diseases and Immunity Disorders
4. Diseases of the Blood and Blood-Forming Organs
5. Mental Disorders
6. Diseases of the Nervous System and Sense Organs
7. Diseases of the Circulatory System
8. Diseases of the Respiratory System
9. Diseases of the Digestive System
10. Diseases of the Genitourinary System
11. Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium
12. Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue
13. Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue
14. Congenital Anomalies
15. Certain Conditions Originating in the Perinatal Period
16. Symptoms, Signs, and Ill-Defined Conditions
17. Injury and Poisoning
Classification of Factors Influencing Health Status and Contact With Health Service
Classification of External Causes of Injury and Poisoning
A. Morphology of Neoplasms
C. Classification of Drugs by American Hospital Formulary Service List Number and Their ICD-9-CM Equivalents
D. Classification of Industrial Accidents According to Agency
E. List of Three-Digit Categories
- ICD-10 homepage, gives information on how to purchase a hardcopy
- CMS ICD-10-Procedure Coding System and Training Manual.
- ICD-10-CM draft, freely downloadable
- ICD-9-CM homepage, currently used to code and classify morbidity data from the inpatient and outpatient records, physician offices, and most US National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) surveys.
- ICD-9 Coding Tools From Family Practice Management Short List of ICD-9 Codes (600 codes) and Long List of ICD-9 Codes (1,500 codes) in PDF, ASCII text, and “doc” file for Palm-compatible hand-held computers - from American Academy of Family Physicians.
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