Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Irving contains the Las Colinas area, including the Mustangs at Las Colinas, which is the largest equestrian sculpture in the world. Irving has the headquarters of ExxonMobil, Michael's Stores , and Zale Corporation , and the national headquarters for the Boy Scouts of America. Irving is home to the Dallas Cowboys.
Irving was founded in 1903 by J.O. "Otto" Schulze and Otis Brown. It is believed literary author Washington Irving was a favorite of Netta Barcus Brown, and the name of the townsite, Irving, was chosen. Irving originally began in 1889 as an area called Gorbit, and in 1894 the name changed to Kit. Irving was incorporated April 14, 1914, with Otis Brown as the first mayor.
Irving is located at 32°50'50" North, 96°57'59" West (32.847128, -96.966255).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 175.3 km² (67.7 mi²). 174.1 km² (67.2 mi²) of it is land and 1.1 km² (0.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.65% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 191,615 people, 76,241 households, and 46,202 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,100.4/km² (2,850.2/mi²). There are 80,293 housing units at an average density of 461.1/km² (1,194.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 64.20% White, 10.22% African American, 0.65% Native American, 8.24% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 13.36% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. 31.23% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 76,241 households out of which 31.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% are married couples living together, 11.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% are non-families. 31.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.19.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 39.4% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $44,956, and the median income for a family is $50,172. Males have a median income of $35,852 versus $30,420 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,419. 10.6% of the population and 8.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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