Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Isocyanate is the chemical group of atoms -N=C=O (1 nitrogen, 1 carbon, 1 oxygen), as opposed to cyanate , -O-C≡N, which is formed from cyanogen in the normal -ate manner. An isocyanate is a compound containing the isocyanate group.
Examples of isocyanate compounds used in the polymer industry are isomers of toluene diisocyanate (TDI), methylene diphenyl 4,4'-diisocyanate (MDI), and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI). Other names for MDI include methylene di-p-phenylene isocyanate, diphenylmethane 4,4'-diisocyanate, and bis-phenyl methylene 4,4'-diisocyanate. They are used as monomer feedstock for polyurethane production. Some of their chemical structures are shown here:
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details