Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
J.F.C. Fuller (September 1, 1878 – February 10, 1966), full name John Frederick Charles Fuller, was a British Major General, military historian and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armoured warfare, including categorising principles of warfare. He was also the inventor of "artificial moonlight".
Fuller was born in Chichester, West Sussex, England and educated at Malvern College and Royal Military Academy Sandhurst from 1897 to 1898. He was commissioned into the Oxfordshire Light Infantry and served in South Africa from 1899 to 1902. He then attended Staff College at Camberley and served as an adjutant to a territorial battalion. During World War I, he was a staff officer with the Home Forces and with 7 Corps in France, and from 1916 in the HQ of the Heavy Branch, which was later to become the Tank Corps. He planned the tank attack at Cambrai and the tank operations for the autumn offensives of 1918. His Plan 1919 for a fully mechanised army was never implemented, and after 1918 he held various leading positions, notably as a commander of an experimental brigade at Aldershot.
On his retirement in 1933, and impatient with what he considered the inability of democracy to adopt military reforms, he became involved with Sir Oswald Mosley and the British Fascist movement. As a member of the British Union of Fascists he sat on the party's Policy Directorate and was considered one of Mosley's closest allies. His ideas on mechanised warfare continued to be influential in the lead up to World War II, ironically more with the Germans, notably Heinz Guderian, than in his own country.
Books by Fuller
Fuller was a prolific writer. The following is only a small selection of his works.
- The Star in The West: a critical essay upon the works of Aleister Crowley (Walter Scott Publishing Co., London, 1907)
- Yoga: a study of the mystical philosophy of the Brahmins and Buddhists (W. Rider, London, 1925)
- The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant (Murray, London, 1929)
- Grant & Lee: a study in personality and generalship (Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1933)
- Memoirs of an Unconventional Soldier (Nicholson & Watson, London, 1936)
- The Secret Wisdom of the Qabalah: A Study in Jewish Mystical Thought (W. Rider & Co., London, 1937)
- The Second World War, 1939-1945: a strategical and tactical history (Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1948)
- The Decisive Battles of the Western World and their Influence upon History, 3 vols. (Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1954-6)
- Volume 1: from the earliest times to the battle of Lepanto
- Volume 2: from the defeat of the Spanish Armada to the battle of Waterloo
- Volume 3: from the American Civil War to the end of the Second World War
- The Generalship of Alexander the Great (Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1958)
- Julius Caesar: man, soldier and tyrant (Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1965)
- "Boney" Fuller: The Intellectual General by A.J. Trythall (London, 1977)
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