Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
James Garner (born April 7, 1928) is an American actor. Born James Scott Bumgarner in Norman, Oklahoma, he has found fame in both movies and television. At 16, he joined the Merchant Marine. He received a Purple Heart in the Korean War.
In 1954 Garner had a non-speaking role in the Broadway production of The Caine Mutiny Court Martial . He moved on to television commercials, and then to television roles. His first film role was in The Girl He Left Behind , but in the late 1950s he starred in a popular Western series, Maverick, rotating the starring role of Brett Maverick with Jack Kelly and Roger Moore. But Garner's popularity eventually made him the sole star of the series. He became a favorite of American fans for this role. In 2004, Garner became one of the first three honorees in the World Poker Tour Walk of Fame for this portrayal.
In the 1960s he starred in such films as The Thrill of It All , Move Over, Darling , Boys' Night Out, The Great Escape, The Americanization of Emily , Grand Prix (which gave him a car racing bug) and Support Your Local Sheriff! .
In the 1970s he returned to television in another popular role, that of a private investigator in The Rockford Files, for which he received an Emmy for Best Actor. In 1986, he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor for Murphy's Romance.
On the death of John Ritter, Garner joined the cast of 8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter, as Grandpa Egan (Cate's father). Originally intended to be a one-shot guest role, he stayed for the season and now holds a starring role.
He most recently starred as Duke in Nick Cassavetes 's The Notebook.
For his contribution to the television industry, James Garner has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6927 Hollywood Blvd. In 1990, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. In 2005 he received the Screen Actor's Guild Award for lifetime achievement.
Garner is not to be confused with the Hempstead, New York mayor of the same name.
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