Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
James H. Lane (Senator)
James Henry Lane (June 22, 1814 – July 11, 1866) was a former U.S. Senator and the Union counterpart of William Quantrill. He was often called the leader of "Jay-Hawkers"--abolitionists movement in Kansas. Quantrill was known as the leader of the "Bush-Whackers"--the pro-slavery movement in Kansas. Lane went from despised to hated after he ordered the imprisonment of women and children in a Missouri jail, the roof of which collapsed, killing everyone inside. These deaths enraged all of Missouri, resulting in the August 21, 1863 Lawrence Massacre, also known as Quantrill's Raid, in Kansas, which Lane managed to escape by racing through a cornfield in his nightshirt.
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