Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Japanese battleship Haruna
Haruna under attack at her moorings at Kure, Japan, on 28 July 1945
|Laid down:||16 March 1912|
|Launched:||14 December 1913|
|Commissioned:||19 April 1915|
|Fate:||Sunk by airplanes at her moorings at Kure on 28 July 1945|
|Length:||728 feet 4 inches|
|Beam:||101 feet 8 inches|
|Draught:||31 feet 9 inches|
|Range:||10,000 nm at 18 kts|
|Armament:||Eight 14 inch guns, sixteen 6 inch guns, eight 5 inch DP, up to 118 × 25 mm AA|
Haruna (榛名) was a Kongo class battleship laid down by the Kawasaki Shipbuilding Company at Kobe on 16 March 1912, launched on 14 December 1913 and completed on 19 April 1915. She was named after Mt. Haruna, an active volcano.
In World War II Haruna provided distant cover for the Dutch East Indies invasion forces in January and February 1942, sortied into the Indian Ocean against the British Eastern Fleet with the Carrier Striking Force in April 1942, participated in the Battle of Midway in June 1942, the Battle of Santa Cruz Island on 25 October 1942, the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944, and the Battle off Samar in October 1944.
Haruna was attacked by enemy American carrier aircraft of Task Force 38 and B-24 bombers of the United States Army Air Force while at Kure on 28 July 1945 and sank at her moorings with the loss of 65 of her crew, was stricken from the Navy List on 20 November 1945 and her hulk raised and broken up in 1946.
- Tabular record of movement from combinedfleet.com
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