Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Jarmo (Qal'at Jarmo) is the name given to an important archaeological site in northern Iraq (Kurdistan), excavated in the 1950s by the American archaeologist Robert Braidwood under the aegis of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. Jarmo was a Neolithic Period village settlement in the 8th and 7th millennium BC, amongst the first to engage in permanent farming. As such it is broadly contemporary with such other important Neolithic sites such as Jericho in the southern Levant and Çatal Hüyük in Anatolia.
Located east of Kirkuk on the margin of a wadi in the plain of Chemchemal , the site of Jarmo is approximately 3 - 4 acres (12,000 to 16,000 m²) in size and lies at an altitude of 800 m above se level in a belt of oak and pistachio woodlands.
The settlement at Jarmo was aceramic, that is, without the benefit of pottery.
- Letters from the Field, 1950 - 1951 - Excavations at Jarmo - selections from four letters sent back to the Oriental Institute in Chicago by the site's excavator Robert Braidwood
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details