Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition
Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition or J2EE is a Standard (albeit with no ISO or ECMA standard) for developing distributed Multi-tier architecture applications, based on modular components running on an application server. It uses several technologies, including JDBC and CORBA, and extends their functionality with Enterprise Java Beans, Java Servlets, Java Server Pages and XML technologies. This allows the developer to create an Enterprise Application that is portable between platforms and scalable, while integrating with several legacy technologies.
The Enterprise Java Beans API defines a set of APIs that a distributed object container will support in order to provide persistence, remote communication (using RMI), concurrency control, and access control for distributed objects .
The Servlets API defines a set of APIs between a web container and a servlet that is responsible for processing requests and issuing responses.
The javax.servlet.jsp and javax.servlet.jsp.tagext packages define the JavaServer Pages API.
The javax.naming, javax.naming.directory, javax.naming.event, javax.naming.ldap and javax.naming.spi packages define the Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) API.
The java.sql and javax.sql packages define the Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) API.
These packages define the Java Transaction API (JTA).
These packages define the JAXP API.
These packages define the Java Message Service (JMS) API.
Low cost development
One of the benefits of J2EE as a platform is that it is possible to get started with little, or no, expenditure. The J2EE implementation from Sun can be downloaded for free, and there are a great many open source tools available to extend the platform or to simplify development.
Examples of third party open source Java development tools include:
- NetBeans, a Java based integrated development environment
- The Eclipse platform, a Java based integrated development environment
- Jakarta Tomcat, a Servlet/JSP web container
- Jakarta JMeter, a load testing tool for web servers
- Apache Ant, an automated build tool
- JUnit, a framework for automating unit tests
- Jasper Reports , a report writer
- JBoss, an open-source application server
- Geronimo, an open-source application server
- JOnAS, an open-source application server
- Novell exteNd
- Struts, a framework for developing J2EE web applications
J2EE vs. .NET
Arguments abound about the merits of J2EE vs. Microsoft's .NET. One "consensus" is that J2EE is best for multiplatform architectures, whereas .NET should be used for a strictly Microsoft platform (and not to be migrated to for non-Microsoft platform integration).
- J2EE Developer's Handbook, 2003 Sam's Publishing. Paul J. Perrone (et al), ISBN 0-672-32348-6
- Sun's J2EE page - official documentation
- Leading Adapter Provider - Librados Adapters
- Javalobby.org - popular Java, JSP & J2EE developer forums
- TheServerSide.com - popular discussion site for J2EE developers
- Microsoft .NET vs. J2EE: How Do They Stack Up? Jim Farley 08/01/2000. (O'Reilly 2004.)
Examples of J2EE application servers include:
- JBoss Application Server (http://www.jboss.org/products/jbossas)
- JOnAS by ObjectWeb consortium (Java Open Application Server, http://jonas.objectweb.org)
- Geronimo Application Server by Apache Software Foundation (http://geronimo.apache.org)
- Sun Java System Application Server (http://www.sun.com/software/products/appsrvr/home_appsrvr.xml)
- BEA WebLogic (http://bea.com/framework.jsp?CNT=index.htm&FP=/content/products/server)
- WebSphere Application Server by IBM (http://www-306.ibm.com/software/webservers/appserv/was/features)
- Borland Enterprise Server (http://www.borland.com/bes/appserver)
- Orion Application Server by IronFlare (http://www.orionserver.com)
- J2EE Architects Handbook (http://www.dvtpress.com/javaarch)
- More: Certified J2EE servers list (http://java.sun.com/j2ee/compatibility.html)
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