Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Jean-Georges Noverre (April 29, 1727 - November 19, 1810), French dancer and ballet master , considered to be a creator of modern ballet. His birthday, April 29 is now observed as the International Dance Day.
He first performed at Fontainebleau in 1743, and in 1747 composed his first ballet for the Opéra Comique. In 1748 he was invited by Prince Henry of Prussia to Berlin, but a year later he returned to Paris, where he mounted the ballets of Gluck and Piccini. In 1755 he was invited by Garrick to London, where he remained two years.
Between 1758 and 1760 he produced several ballets at Lyons, and published his Lettres sur la danse et les ballets. From this period may be dated the revolution in the art of the ballet for which Noverre was responsible. He was next engaged by the Duke of Württemberg and afterwards by the empress Maria Theresa, until, in 1775. he was appointed, at the request of Queen Marie Antoinette, maître des ballets of the Paris Opera. This post he retained until the Revolution reduced him to poverty. He died at St. Germain.
Noverre's friends included Voltaire, Frederick the Great and David Garrick (who called him "the Shakespeare of the dance"). The ballets of which he was most proud were his La Toilette de Venus, Les Jalousies du sérail, La dour corsaire and Le Jaloux sans rival. Besides the letters, Noverre wrote Observations sur la construction d'une nouvelle salle de l'Opéra (1781); Lettres sur Garrick écrites a Voltaire (1801); and Lettre a un artiste sur les flies publiques (1801).
This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details