Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Johannes Hermann Zukertort (1842 Lublin - 1888 London) was a leading Polish chess master. In 1886 in the United States he played what is widely regarded as the first official World Championship match against Wilhelm Steinitz, losing 12.5-7.5. The two had earlier played in London in 1872; Steinitz won that match 9-3.
It is said that Steinitz and Zukertort, present at the same dinner party, both rose in response to a toast to the "greatest chess-player in the world".
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